Gottschall, J.L., Neahring, B., McFarland, J.G., Wu, G.-G., Weitekamp, L.A., and Aster, R.H. (1994). Quinine-induced immune thrombocytopenia with hemolytic uremic syndrome: clinical and serological findings in nine patients and review of literature. American Journal of Hematology, 47, 283-9.

Isbister, J.P. (1990). Molecular disorders of the red cell: haemoglobinopathies, enzymopathies and membrane defects. In Scientific foundations of anaesthesia (4th edn) (ed. C. Scurr, S. Feldman, and N. Soni), Chapter 40. Heinemann, Oxford.

Isbister, J.P. (1994). Hemopoietic system. In Laboratory medicine: the selection and interpretation of clinical laboratory studies (ed. D.A. Noe and R.C. Rock), Chapter 13. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, MD.

Petz, L.D. (1993). Drug-induced autoimmune hemolytic anemia. Transfusion Medicine Reviews, 7, 242-54. Serjeant, G.R. (1993). The clinical features of sickle cell disease. Bailliere's Clinical Haematology, 6, 93-115.

P. Hewitt and F. Regan Introduction

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Factorscontributing anemia Indications. .for.transfusi.o.n Risksof .iransfusion



Immune complications

Metabolic. .disturbances

Circulatory overload

Consent for transfusion Management .cell .transfusion Whole .blood

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Standard. red.. cell. concentrate

Special . requirements

Administration.. ofred cells Timing



Management.. ofmassive. .transfusion iReisto,r,ati,o,n...of. .blood. ..volume Complications ..of.. massive.transfuslon

Future..developments Chapter. References

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