Anatomical and physiological scoring systems

Scoring systems can be either anatomical or physiological. Anatomical scoring systems assess the extent of injury, whereas physiological scoring systems assess the impact of injury on function. The Injury Severity Score, an anatomical scoring system, divides the body into six major anatomical regions and sums the scores for the type and extent of injury in each region. The TRISS method, which incorporates the Injury Severity Score, also scores the systolic blood pressure, the respiratory rate, and the level of neurological function using the GCS. Once assessed, the Injury Severity Score is a fixed quantity whereas the TRISS score is variable and changes over time as the physiological response to injury varies.

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