Acute myelopathy and neuropathy

Peripheral neuropathy, radiculopathy, mononeuritis multiplex, Guillain-Barré syndrome, and acute myelopathy may occur at any time in the course of HIV infection. At low CD4 counts (below 100 * 106/l), cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex, and varicella zoster virus may cause myelopathy and radiculopathy. Myelopathy may also be due to infiltration of the spinal cord or meninges by lymphoma or mycobacterial infection. Neuropathy may be caused by drugs such as zalcitabine (dDC) and isoniazid.

Fortunately, respiratory failure due to myelopathy, radiculopathy, or neuropathy is rare, as the outcome is uncertain and it is likely that 50 per cent or more of such patients will not recover neurological function.

Sleep Apnea

Sleep Apnea

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