Patterns Of Breast Cancer Metastasis

For early stage breast cancer, the most common pattern of metastatic spread is to regional, ipsilateral draining lymph nodes. Identification and treatment of nodal disease with sentinel node mapping has resulted in a true paradigm shift in the staging and surgical management of early-stage breast cancer (15). For more advanced disease, breast cancer is readily capable of metastasizing to other organs of the body, with a particular prevalence for the bone, lung, liver, and brain. Autopsy studies of women dying of breast cancer reveal widespread disease involving the bones (70%), lungs (66%), liver (61%), and brain (30%) as the four most common metastatic sites (16-18). We will describe these patterns of locoregional and distant metastases below.

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10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.

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