Surgical techniques

The en-bloc technique is most often used in cancers with a predominantly lymphatic spread and is best developed in surgery of head and neck cancer. It is increasingly being used for stomach and oesophageal cancers. No advantage has been reported for aggressive en-bloc resection of loco-regional lymphatics in surgery of large bowel cancer.

Surgery is often more successful in the treatment of cancers with haematogenous spread compared to those with more developed local and lymphatic metastases.

Growth rates of cancers vary enormously. Patients with breast cancer may relapse many years after primary treatment while those with upper gastrointestinal tumours usually die within two years of diagnosis. There are real differences in growth rate. Endocrine-related cancers often have very slow growth rates and metastases may appear years after initial resection. Repeated excision of metastatic disease may lead to long-term survival in such tumours but this approach would be futile for gastric or oesophageal cancer.

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment