Lister G, Scheker L. Emergency free flaps to the upper extremity. J Hand Surg [Am] 1988;13:22-8.
 Godina M. Early microsurgical reconstruction of complex trauma of the extremities. Plast Reconstr Surg 1986;78(3):285-92.
 Godina M, Bajec J, Baraga A. Salvage of the mutilated upper extremity with temporary ectopic implantation of the undamaged part. Plast Reconstr Surg 1986;78:295-9.
 Chen ST, Wei FC, Chen HC, et al. Emergency free-flap transfer for reconstruction of acute complex extremity wounds. Plast Reconstr Surg 1992;89(5): 882-8.
 Silverberg B, Banis JC Jr, Verdi GD, et al. Microvas-cular reconstruction after electrical and deep thermal injury. J Trauma 1986;26(2):128-34.
 Chick LR, Lister GD, Sowder L. Early free-flap coverage of electrical and thermal burns. Plast Reconstr Surg 1991;89:10-9.
 Breidenbach WC. Emergency free tissue transfer for reconstruction of acute upper extremity wounds. Clin Plast Surg 1989;16(3):505-13.
 Gupta A, Shatford RA, Wolff TW, et al. Treatment of the severely injured upper extremity. Instr Course Lect 2000;49:377-96.
 Scheker LR. Salvage of a mutilated hand. In: Mastery of plastic and reconstructive surgery. Edited by Cohen M; vol. 3. Boston; Little, Brown. 1994. p. 1658-1681.
 Scheker LR. Soft-tissue defects in the upper limb. In: Microvascular surgery and free tissue transfer. Edited by Soutar DS; London, Edward Arnold. 1993. p. 63-77.
 Ninkovic M, Deetjen H, Ohler K, et al. Emergency free tissue transfer for severe upper extremity injuries. J Hand Surg [Br] 1995;20:53-8.
 Sundine M, Shecker LR. A comparison of immediate and staged reconstruction of the dorsum of the hand. J Hand Surg [Br] 1996;21:216-21.
 Scheker LR, Langley SJ, Martin DL, et al. Primary extensor tendon reconstruction in dorsal hand defects requiring free flaps. J Hand Surg [Br] 1993;18:568-75.
 Shen T, Sun Y, Cao D, et al. The use of free flaps in burn patients: experiences with 70 flaps in 65 patients. Plast Reconstr Surg 1988;81:352-7.
 Ninkovic M, Schoeller T, Benedetto KP, et al. Emergency free flap cover in complex injuries of the lower extremity. Scand J Plast Reconstr Surg Hand Surg 1996;30(1):37-47.
 Brenner P, Lassner F, Becker M, etal. Timing of free microsurgical tissue transfer for the acute phase of hand injuries. Scand J Plast Reconstr Surg Hand Surg 1997;31(2):165-70.
 Giessler G, Erdmann D, Germann G. Soft tissue coverage in devastating hand injuries. Hand Clin 2003;19:63-71.
 Chang N, Mathes SJ. Comparison of the effect of bacterial inoculation in musculocutaneous and random-pattern flaps. Plast Reconstr Surg 1982;70:1-8.
 Najean D, Tropet Y, Brientini JM, et al. Emergency cover of open fractures of the leg. Apropos of a series of 24 clinical cases. Ann Chir Plast Esthet 1994; 39(4):473-9.
 Auclair E, Guelmi K, Selinger R, et al. Free transfer in the emergency treatment of complex injuries of the arm. Apropos of 18 cases. Ann Chir Plast Esthet 1994;39(3):338-45.
 Ninkovic M, Mooney EK, Ninkovic M, et al. A new classification for the standardization of nomenclature in free flap wound closure. Plast Reconstr Surg 1999;103(3):903-14.
 Foo IT, Malata CM, Kay SP. Free tissue transfers to the upper limb. J Hand Surg [Br] 1993;18(3):279-84.
 Saint-Cyr M, Langstein HN. Reconstruction of the hand and upper extremity after tumor resection. J Surg Oncol 2006;94:490-503.
 Lin CH, Wei FC, Lin YT, et al. Lateral circumflex femoral artery system: warehouse for functional composite free-tissue reconstruction of the lower leg. J Trauma 2006;60(5):1032-6.
 Gosain AK, Matloub HS, Yousif NJ, et al. The composite lateral arm free flap: vascular relationship to triceps tendon and muscle. Ann Plast Surg 1992; 29:496-507.
 Foucher G, van Genechten F, Merle N, et al. A compound radial artery forearm flap in hand surgery: an original modification of the Chinese forearm flap. Br J Plast Surg 1984;37(2):139-48.
 Lutz BS, Wei FC, Chang SC, et al. Donor site morbidity after suprafascial elevation of the radial forearm flap: a prospective study in 95 consecutive cases. Plast Reconstr Surg 1999;103(1):132-7.
 Bidros RS, Metzinger SE, Guerra AB. The thoraco-dorsal artery perforator-scapular osteocutaneous (TDAP-SOC) flap for reconstruction of palatal and maxillary defects. Ann Plast Surg 2005;54(1): 59-65.
 Van Landuyt K, Hamdi M, Blondeel P, et al. The compound thoracodorsal perforator flap in the treatment of combined soft-tissue defects of sole and dorsum of the foot. Br J Plast Surg 2005; 58(3):371-8.
 Schwabegger AH, Harpf C, Rainer C. Muscle-sparing latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap with maintenance of muscle innervation, function, and aesthetic appearance of the donor site. Plast Reconstr Surg 2003;111(4):1407-11.
Hand Clin 23 (2007) 49-56
Was this article helpful?