Diagnosis Of Depression In Young People Concepts of depression

The concept of a depressive syndrome that is distinct from the broad class of other child and adolescent emotional disorders has a relatively short history. Until the 1970s, it was believed that depressive disorders resembling adult depression were uncommon among the young. Children were thought incapable of experiencing depression. Depression in older adolescents was often seen as a normal feature of development, so-called adolescent turmoil. However, in the 1970s and early 1980s, several investigators began to diagnose depression in young people by adult criteria (Pearce, 1978; Puig-Antich, 1982; Weinberg et al., 1973). These studies showed that conditions resembling adult depression could occur from middle childhood upwards. Indeed, recent epidemiological studies have reported that as many as one in 10 adolescent girls suffer from depressive disorders (Angold et al., 1999; Olsson & von Knorring, 1999).

Since these estimates come from the application of operational criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (American Psychiatric Association, 1987; 1994), which states that the core symptoms of depression in young people are the same as adults, it might be thought that any remaining doubts about the validity of the concept had been dispelled. However, there are still uncertainties.

Anxiety and Depression 101

Anxiety and Depression 101

Everything you ever wanted to know about. We have been discussing depression and anxiety and how different information that is out on the market only seems to target one particular cure for these two common conditions that seem to walk hand in hand.

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