The Cognitive Behavioural Model Of Bipolar Disorder

Many authors have argued that there is a marked lack of a coherent psychological model of bipolar disorder (e.g., Jones, 2001 Scott, 2001a). Recent research, however, highlights the role of cognitive and psychosocial factors in the development and course of bipolar disorder, and the first treatment manuals were published in recent years, delineating the application of CBT principles to bipolar disorders (Basco & Rush, 1996 Lam et al., 1999 Newman et al., 2002 Scott, 2001b). A body of...

Cyclothymia hypomania hyperthymia and personality disorder Axis II

Despite the vagaries of epidemiology and the interpretation of various rates, it is useful to spend a moment reflecting on what constitute the outer edges of bipolar disorder. Kraepelin (1921) and Kretschmer (1936) both described affective states which ranged from the severest to the mildest and which existed on a continuum that included personal predisposition or temperament. Both described cyclothymic people in whom low-grade subdepressive and hypomanic presentations occurred. Some people...

The Application Of Cbt In The Treatment Of Bipolar Disorder

Overall, the cognitive behavioural approach to the treatment of bipolar disorder aims to enhance non-pharmacological coping skills, to enhance elements of self-efficacy and responsibility in the treatment of the condition, to support individuals in recognising and managing psychosocial stressors and the impact of past episodes, to introduce specific strategies to deal with cognitive and behavioural difficulties, and to modify underlying schemata and core assumptions. CBT for bipolar disorder...