Antimicrob Agents

Insect Immune System and Parallels with the Innate Immune Response of Mammals

Melanisation Insect

Insects have maintained a parallel immune response to the innate immune response of vertebrates, despite their divergence approximately 500 million years ago. The preservation of this immune response highlights its success and efficacy in combating microbial infection (Kavanagh & Reeves, 2004 Salzet, 2001 Leclerc & Reichhart, 2004 Kanost et al., 2004). It was initially thought that the innate immune response was inferior to the adaptive immune response, as the adaptive immune system has...