Factors IX IIVa and XIII

Individuals who display a deficiency of factor IX develop haemophilia B, also known as Christmas disease. Although its clinical consequences are very similar to that of a deficiency of factor VIII, its general incidence in the population is far lower. Persons suffering from haemophilia B are treated by i.v. administration of a concentrate of factor IX. This was traditionally obtained by fractionation of human blood. Recombinant factor IX is now also produced in genetically engineered CHO cells (Table 12.2 and Box 12.1).

Factor IX obtained from blood donations is normally only partially pure. In addition to factor IX, the product contains lower levels of factors II, VII and X and has also been used to treat bleeding disorders caused by a lack of these factors.

Factor IX may also be purified by immunoaffinity chromatography, using immobilized anti-IX murine monoclonals. Purification to homogeneity is particularly important in the case of

Supplements For Diabetics

Supplements For Diabetics

All you need is a proper diet of fresh fruits and vegetables and get plenty of exercise and you'll be fine. Ever heard those words from your doctor? If that's all heshe recommends then you're missing out an important ingredient for health that he's not telling you. Fact is that you can adhere to the strictest diet, watch everything you eat and get the exercise of amarathon runner and still come down with diabetic complications. Diet, exercise and standard drug treatments simply aren't enough to help keep your diabetes under control.

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