Alternative Medicine Ebooks
It would be a mistake to believe that traditional healers are confined to developing countries or to ethnic minority groups in developed countries. Alternative medicine flourishes where Western biomedicine is perceived by the public to be ineffective, and psychiatry is one of those areas. Patients with psychiatric conditions are very likely to seek help from acupuncture, spiritual healing, homeopathy, or herbal remedies, in addition to consulting the general practitioner or psychiatrist. A sympathetic enquiry will elicit a number of sources of alternative medicine in the neighbourhood of the psychiatric facility. The efficacy of these treatments for any psychiatric condition has not been established, but it is a sobering thought that rauwolfia, an effective herbal antipsychotic, was used by Indian traditional healers for hundreds of years before chlorpromazine was introduced.
The business of dietary supplements in the Western World has expanded from the Health Store to the pharmacy. Alternative medicine includes plant-based products. Appropriate measures to ensure the quality, safety and efficacy of these either already exist or are being answered by greater legislative control by such bodies as the Food and Drug Administration of the USA and the recently created European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products, based in London. In the USA, the Dietary Supplement and Health Education Act of 1994 recognized the class of phytotherapeutic agents derived from medicinal and aromatic plants. Furthermore, under public pressure, the US Congress set up an Office of Alternative Medicine and this office in 1994 assisted the filing of several Investigational New Drug (IND) applications, required for clinical trials of some Chinese herbal preparations. The significance of these applications was that each Chinese preparation involved several plants and yet was...
In spite of this, it must be accepted that the patient and family are likely to expect statements to be made about the cause of their distress and symptoms. The members of all human groups expect their healers to discover the causes of their misfortunes (i.e. to make a diagnosis), and to provide remedies. This is so whether the group is a sophisticated and scientifically oriented modern society, or a non-industrialized society that relies on ethnic healers and folk remedies. The obvious relief of a patient or family on the pronouncement of an 'official' diagnosis is often evident in any type of healing activity, even though the diagnostic terms themselves mean very little. The pronouncement of an official diagnosis is taken to show that the doctor knows what is wrong, and therefore will be able to provide successful treatment or advice. If the diagnosis is expressed in terms that the patient can understand, it will have additional power as an explanatory force.
Begin assessing an elderly patient by obtaining a complete history of medications used by the patient. This includes all prescription drugs, over-the-counter drugs, home remedies, vitamins, and herbal treatments. Make sure that you determine the medications that have been prescribed and medications that the patient actually takes. Include those that are taken at the patient's discretion. Some patients don't take all of the medications that are prescribed to them because of the cost of the medication or some unpleasant or undesirable side effects. Also note how often the medications are taken.
The increasing popularity of homeopathic medicine, throughout the United States and Europe, throws further light on the ethical relationship between patients and the medical profession. From the scientific perspective of the doctor or pharmacist, the use of homeopathic medicines is irrational. The consumption of homeopathic medicine is grounded in a lack of adequate scientific education, and a confused idea of benign natural products. While this may appear to justify the exclusion of the proponents of alternative or complementary medicines from the debate over health care, and thus to justify medical paternalism through an appeal to good science, this would be too hasty a conclusion. The use of alternative medicine is not simply grounded in ignorance, but also reflects the failure of orthodox medicine to meet the needs and expectations of patients and the public. The incidence of adverse drug reactions, for example, suggests that orthodox medicine has no grounds for complacency (9)....
Alternative treatments include a wide variety of remedies, supplements, and techniques commonly thought to be outside the scope of conventional medicine and used instead of conventional therapies. Today, however, more and more major hospitals are establishing centers for alternative medicine and allowing many alternative treatments to be used in conjunction with traditional medicine. Consequently, the distinction between conventional and alternative medicine is becoming blurred, and complementary and alternative medicine (or CAM) is gaining in popularity.
Recent surveys have shown that over 50 percent of people with MS utilize some form of alternative medicine in addition to the conventional medicine recommended by their physicians. The reasons given were to improve quality of life and to enhance overall health and sense of well-being. These patients were not looking for a cure. Respondents report both positive and negative experiences with alternative treatments. But because MS is a disease in which symptoms commonly go into remission spontaneously, it is difficult to determine whether any treatment, traditional or alternative, is responsible for a remission.
A survey of the use of complementary and alternative medicine in the United Kingdom found that 20 of adults interviewed had used such treatments in the past year, and it was estimated that the annual expenditure on these treatments in the United Kingdom may exceed 1.5 billion (Ernst and White, 2000). Although some herbal products are licensed for use, there is a large variety of unlicensed herbal preparations, including traditional Chinese and Ayurvedic remedies, which are increasingly available. Herbal products may be perceived as ''natural'' and therefore safe
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is a general term used to describe techniques as diverse as chiropractic and yoga, iridology and meditation, colonic irrigation and spiritual healing. As such, it resists simple definition. Most published definitions describe CAM simply as practices outside of mainstream care.1 A more fundamental issue concerns the difference between complementary and alternative approaches. Alternative therapies are used in place of mainstream care. Conversely, complementary therapies are used as adjuncts to mainstream care for symptom management and to enhance quality of life. This distinction is especially important in oncology, where treatment choices can be literally a matter of life and death.
Data collection for hypokalemia serves two purposes. First, one must use data to determine the source of potassium depletion. Second, one must obtain data to assist in diagnosis of related disorders and to detect adverse consequences of hypokalemia. Most of the appropriate studies to perform will be based on information obtained by taking a thorough history. Review all medications child may be taking, including any home remedies administered.
The disappointing results of some hypertensive therapies have caused doubts about traditional approaches to management of hypertension.36 Rates of successful blood pressure control remain low among treated patients.4 Only 47 of patients with hypertension achieve optimal blood pressures below 140 90 mmHg.37 Hypertension treatments that will help patients establish healthy lifestyle changes and have fewer and less severe side effects would probably lead to more optimum results and higher rates of patient compliance with treatment programs. In fact, the most common reason patients seek complementary alternative medicine (CAM) is dissatisfaction with the ability of conventional medicine to treat chronic diseases. Interestingly, those most likely to utilize CAM have higher educational levels, poorer health, and holistic philosophies.38 Clinical research related to medicinal use of herbal products has grown.39 Patients are willing to spend their money on herbal and alternative medicines not...
Just give me the magic pill to make me normal again. You probably said something like that the last time you felt under the weather and your home remedies didn't make you feel better. You might have even reached the point when you'd welcome an injection of a miracle drug if it would get you back on your feet quickly.
Patients with PD do not coordinate breathing with locomotion as seen in normal individuals.63 Combining this with fatigability of the respiratory pump during repetitive actions,46 it is not surprising that patient with PD have prominent fatigue and poor exercise tolerance. However, patients are able to improve pulmonary function through a pulmonary rehabilitation program.64 Furthermore, those who engage in regular aerobic exercise may maintain good pulmonary function.65,66 These types of studies suggest that nonpharmacological measures may be as important in addressing pulmonary dysfunction as dopaminergic therapy. Because of limitations due to postural instability and freezing of gait, strategies to maintain aerobic capacity can be more challenging. Multidisciplinary care is often necessary. The PD population is increasingly using alternative medicine approaches. The effect of interventions such as Qigong, yoga, and tai chi on respiratory system are not entirely understood but...
Coronary Disease in Women Evidence-Based Diagnosis and Treatment, edited by Leslee J. Shaw, phd and Rita F. Redberg, md, facc, 2004 Complementary and Alternative Medicine in Cardiovascular Disease, edited by Richard A. Stein, md and Mehmet C. Oz, md, 2004 Nuclear Cardiology, The Basics How to Set Up and Maintain a Laboratory, by Frans J. Th. Wackers, md, phd, Wendy Bruni, bs, cnmt, and Barry L. Zaret, md, 2004 Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery, Second Edition, edited by Daniel J. Goldstein, md, and Mehmet C. Oz, md, 2003 Cardiovascular Health Care Economics,
Throughout the Middle Ages, the Arabian, North African, Central American and Chinese medical practitioners continued to use Narcissus oil in cancer treatment (Pettit et al., 1993). For example, the bulbs of N. tazetta var. chinensis, cultivated in China as a decorative plant, were also used topically in folk medicine as a liniment for the treatment of tumours. In this case, pretazettine was proved to be one of the antitumour active compounds (Furusawa et al., 1973 Ma et al., 1986). The bulbs of N. tazetta continued to be used in Turkey as a home remedy for the treatment of abscesses, because of their antiphlogistic and analgesic property (Qakici et al., 1997).
Cellular networks are remodeled in various diseases and after stress. Proper interventions to push the equilibrium towards the original state may not be limited to single-target drugs, which have a well-designed, high affinity interaction with one of the cellular proteins. In agreement with this general assumption, several examples show that multi-target therapy may be superior to the usual single-target approach. The best known examples of multi-target drugs include Aspirin, Metformin or Gleevec as well as combinatorial therapy and natural remedies, such as herbal teas.57 Due to the multiple regulatory roles of chaperones, chaperone-modulators provide additional examples for multi-target drugs. Indeed, chaperone substitution (in the form of chemical chaperones), the help of chaperone induction and chaperone inhibition are all promising therapeutic strategies.58
Many herbal products are promoted to people with liver dysfunction, but there is a lack of safety and efficacy data. Some products that have been identified as being hepatotoxic include borage, chaparral, coltsfoot, comfrey, DHEA, germander, jin bu huan, kava kava, liferoot, pennyroyal, periwinkle, poke root, American skullcap and shark cartilage. Other herbal or alternative medicine supplements may have adverse interactions with medications prescribed to those with liver failure, so caution must be taken in recommending any product. The two most popular herbal supplements for liver disease are milk thistle and S-adenosyl-methionine (SAMe). Milk thistle contains silymarin, which supposedly reduces free radical production and lipid peroxidation associated with hepatotoxicity it is also promoted to be an antifibrotic agent 47 . SAMe is a methyl donor for methy-lation reactions and a participant in glutathione (an anti-oxidant) synthesis 48 . Meta-analysis 49 and Cochrane reviews 49, 50...
The liver is intimately involved in nutrient metabolism and storage. Therefore, malnutrition is likely to occur in the presence of liver failure. The degree of malnutrition depends on the type and degree of liver disease, presence of malabsorption, metabolic rate and psychosocial factors. Nutrition prescriptions should be individualized for patients with liver dysfunction. Common dietary restrictions for individuals with ESLD include sodium and fluid restrictions. Protein should not be restricted. Nutrition supplementation may improve nutritional status and outcomes. If TF is considered, nasoenteral tubes are usually the safest, lowest-risk access. Research currently does not support the use of herbal alternative medicine supplements such as milk thistle or SAMe.
Many patients try home remedies to battle the rhinovirus, however these don't affect the virus. Instead, they may help ease the symptoms of the cold. Home remedies include rest, vitamin C, mega doses of other vitamins, and, of course, chicken soup. Vitamin C and mega doses of other vitamins have not been proven effective against the common cold. When home remedies fail, patients turn to both prescription and over-the-counter medication. Cold medications fall into the following drug groups. Charts throughout these pages provide information about specific drugs in each group.
Since the dawn of civilization people were able to self-medicate with home remedies mixed with magic or religion or both, without any formal restriction. Gradually specialists in medical treatment evolved, variously known as shamans, priests, witchdoctors or quacks, and with them evolved the pharmacists who manufactured such medicines, principally from plants. It was the prescribing of remedies that allowed the so-called practitioner of medicine to charge a fee for his attendance and thus make a living. Unfortunately for the public, until very recently there were no regulations governing the provision of medicines to the public (1). From the beginning of the twentieth century the public had to rely on the rapidly expanding pharmaceutical industry, with its synthesis of active ingredients, to ensure that its medicines were effective and safe. Then came the thalidomide disaster between 1959 and 1962, with the birth of an estimated 10,000 deformed phocomelian babies in the affected...
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