The general term psychoses encompass a wide variety of conditions. Each specific condition has particular signs and/or symptoms that assist the psychiatrist in making a diagnosis. Some psychotic conditions require long-term hospitalization, while others can be managed on an outpatient basis. Many psychotic patients show marked disorganization of thought patterns and behavior with either increased or decreased psychomotor activity. Antipsychotic agents help psychotic patients better organize their thoughts and coordinate their motor activities. In some cases, the use of antipsychotic agents can mean the difference between hospitalization and home-care.
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