Exercises Lesson

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INSTRUCTIONS: Answer the following exercises by marking the lettered response that best answers the exercise, by completing the incomplete statement, or by writing the answer in the space provided at the end of the exercise.

After you have completed all of these exercises, turn to "Solutions to Exercises" at the end of the lesson and check your answers. For each exercise answered incorrectly, reread the material referenced with the solution.

1. From the definitions below, select the definition of the term general anesthetic.

a. An agent that depresses the central nervous system irreversibly to produce a loss of consciousness, analgesia) and muscle relaxation.

b. An agent that stimulates the central nervous system, thus making it possible for a physician to perform various types of surgeries.

c. An agent used to produce localized analgesia in a patient.

d. An agent that depresses the central nervous system reversibly to produce a loss of consciousness, analgesia, and muscle relaxation.

2. From the list below, select the type(s) of general anesthetic.

b. Intravenous.

c. Induction.

d. Clinical.

3. From the list below, select the agent that is classified as an inhalation anesthetic agent.

a. Thiopental sodium (Pentothal®).

c. Glycopyrrolate (Robinal®).

d. Succinylcholine (Anectine®).

4. From the list below, select the agent classified as an intravenous anesthetic agent.

a. Fentanyl (Sublimaze®) and droperidol (Innovar®).

b. Glycopyrrolate (Robinal®).

c. Meperidine hydrochloride (Demerol®).

d. Succinylcholine (Anectine®).

5. From the list of uses below, select the use of glycopyolate (Robinal®)

a. Intravenous anesthetic agent.

b. Skeletal muscle relaxant.

c. Drying agent.

d. Inhalation anesthetic agent.

6. From the list of uses below, select the use of succinylcholine (Anectine®).

a. An antianxiety agent used the night before surgery.

b. A sedative used the day before surgery.

c. An analgesic agent used after surgery.

d. A neuromuscular blocking agent used during surgery.

7. From the list of uses below, select the use of meperidine hydrochloride (Demerol®).

a. An agent often used as a preanesthetic analgesic.

b. An analgesic used to produce unconsciousness.

c. An analgesic agent used for its ability to dry the patient's mouth.

d. An analgesic agent used to stimulate a patient's breathing during surgery.

8. From the list below, select the use of ketamine (Ketalar®).

a. An inhalation anesthetic used to induce anesthesia for diagnostic purposes.

b. An intravenous anesthetic used to perform major surgery in adults over the age of 60.

c. An intravenous anesthetic used to perform minor surgical procedures in children.

d. An inhalation anesthetic agent used because of its ability to produce analgesia.

9. From the group below, select the use of the agent fentanyl (Sublimaze®) and droperidol (Innovar®).

a. An agent that is used because it produces a dissociative type of anesthesia.

b. An agent used because the patient easily inhales it.

c. An agent used when the surgeon needs the cooperation of the patient because it produces a semiconscious state in the patient.

d. An agent used during surgery because it produces a drying effect in the patient's mucous membranes.

10. From the group below, select the use of the agent diazepam (Valium®).

a. A drying agent used to reduce saliva product in comatose patients.

b. An analgesic agent administered after surgery.

c. An antianxiety agent used to reduce a patient's apprehension before surgery.

d. A nonbarbiturate anesthetic used before surgery.

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