Exercises Lesson

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INSTRUCTIONS: Answer the following exercises by marking the lettered response that best answers the exercise, by completing the incomplete statement, or by writing the answer in the space provided at the end of the exercise.

After you have completed all of these exercises, turn to "Solutions to Exercises" at the end of the lesson and check your answers. For each exercise answered incorrectly, reread the material referenced with the solution.

1. From the definition below, select the definition of the term anatomy.

a. The study of the functions of the body.

b. The study of the chemical substances in the body.

c. The study of the structures of the body.

d. The study of the systems of the body.

2. From the definitions below, select the definition of the term tissue.

a. A grouping of like cells working together.

b. The smallest living unit of body construction.

c. A group of organs working together.

d. A group of cells that have nothing in common.

3. From the functions below, select the function of the lymphatic system.

a. Protects the body from drying.

b. Returns proteins and fluid from the various body tissues to the blood.

c. Manufactures hormones.

d. Provides nutrients to the various limbs of the body.

4. From the descriptions below, select the best description of the cytoplasm.

a. Organelles that perform highly specialized functions in the cell.

b. A jelly-like substance that coats the outside of the cell membrane.

c. The part of the cell which manufactures RNA and DNA.

d. The fluid or semifluid contained inside the cell membrane, but outside the nucleus.

5. From the descriptions below, select the best description of the mitochondria.

a. The organelle of the cell responsible for producing DNA.

b. The site of cell respiratory activity.

c. The part of the cell which is responsible for producing RNA.

d. The organelle responsible for monitoring the flow of water into the cell.

6. From the definitions below, select the definition of pinocytosis.

a. A vesicle which engulfs and destroys the cell.

b. The organelle responsible for producing extracellular fluid.

c. The production of fluids by the cell.

d. The engulfing of small particles or fluids by the cell.

7. From the descriptions below, select the description of connective tissue.

a. The tissue that binds other tissues together and supports other tissues.

b. The tissue that covers the outer layer of the body.

c. The tissue that forms the glands and the sense organs of the body.

d. The tissue that covers the organs in the abdomen.

8. From the list of function below, select the function of the skin.

a. Controls the size of the patient.

b. Produces chemicals for body growth.

c. Prevents perspiration on hot days.

d. Detects heat, cold, pressure, and pain.

9. Select, from the group of descriptions below, the best description of pediculosis.

a. An infestation of the skin with fungus.

b. An infection of the skin with bacteria.

c. An infestation of the skin with lice.

d. An infection of the skin with ringworm.

10. Select, from the group of descriptions below, the best description of scabies.

a. A disease caused by a very small mite, which burrows into the skin.

b. A disease caused by small bacteria, which includes the skin.

c. A disease characterized by itching and fungal growth.

d. A disease characterized by the growth of bacteria on the skin.

11. Select, from the descriptions below, the best description of a furuncle.

a. An acute inflammatory lesion produced by the infection of a hair follicle or skin gland by streptococci bacteria.

b. An acute, inflammatory lesion produced by the infection of a hair follicle or skin gland by staphylococci bacteria.

c. An acute lesion produced by an infection of a hair follicle by fungal organisms.

d. An acute, inflammatory lesion produced by the infection of a hair follicle by allergens.

12. Select, from the definitions below, the meaning of the term pruritis.

a. A chronic, recurrent disease characterized by reddish, rounded lesions.

b. A chronic inflammation of the sebaceous glands of the skin.

c. A parasitic infestation of the skin caused by lice.

d. Itching.

13. Select, from the descriptions below, a description of edema.

a. A collection of fluid in the tissues, resulting in swelling.

b. A raised area of the skin characterized by cellulitis.

c. A collection of protein in injured tissues resulting in bleeding.

d. A collection of raised swellings on the skin characterized by itching and discoloration.

14. From the definitions below, select the definition of the term disease.

a. A condition characterized by functioning of certain glands.

b. A derangement of the normal functioning of one or more body processes.

c. A dysfunction of the body caused by lack of exercise.

d. A dysfunction of the systems of the body characterized by lowered blood sugar.

15. Select, from the descriptions below, the description of physical therapy.

a. The use of drugs to treat disease of mental origin.

b. The treatment of disease by the administration of antibodies.

c. The treatment of disease by such methods of heat, light, and cold.

d. The treatment of disease by the removal of diseased organs or tissues.

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