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INSTRUCTIONS: Answer the following exercises by marking the lettered response that best answers the exercise, by completing the incomplete statement, or by writing the answer in the space provided at the end of the exercise.

After you have completed all of these exercises, turn to "Solutions to Exercises" at the end of the lesson and check your answers. For each exercise answered incorrectly, reread the material referenced with the solution.

1. Select the best description of personality disorders.

a. Types of conditions characterized by the development of anxiety because of unresolved unconscious conflicts.

b. Temporary emotional disorders that occur as reactions to overwhelming environmental stress.

c. Types of mental disorders characterized by lifelong maladaptive patterns of adjustment to life.

d. A group of disorders with more or less severe disturbances of thought, mood, and/or behavior.

2. From the statements below, select the statement that best differentiates between fear and anxiety.

a. Fear is a feeling of apprehension caused by a real object in the environment, while anxiety is a feeling of apprehension that has no specific object in the environment.

b. Fear and anxiety produce entirely different physiological reactions.

c. Fear cannot be controlled, while anxiety can be controlled without the use of drugs.

d. Fear is a feeling of apprehension that has no specific object in the environment, while anxiety is a feeling of apprehension caused by a real object in the environment.

a. A drug used to improve the depressed mood of a patient.

b. A drug used to calm a patient.

c. A drug which will reduce certain symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions.

d. A drug which will remove a patient's fear.

4. Select the statement that best describes the use(s) of antidepressant agents.

a. The treatment of depression that results because of chemical imbalances in the body.

b. The treatment of depression that is not a result of chemical imbalances in the body.

c. The treatment of patients who are experiencing periods of overwhelming stress.

d. The treatment of acute and chronic psychoses.

5. Select the statement that best describes the adverse effects associated with antipsychotic agents.

a. Antipsychotic agents are noted for the lack of adverse effects they produce.

b. Antipsychotic agents can cause severe stimulation in many patients.

c. Antipsychotic agents produce orthostatic hypertension.

d. Antipsychotic agents can produce reactions that consist of tremors, muscular rigidity, and hypersalivation.

6. Select the statement that best describes the disadvantage(s) of antianxiety agents.

a. Antianxiety agents can produce drowsiness in patients and can interact with central nervous system (CNS) depressants to produce a greater degree of CNS depression.

b. Antianxiety agents produce an excessive loss of alertness.

c. Because of their side effects, overdosage of antianxiety agents frequently results in death.

d. Antianxiety agents produce tremors, muscular rigidity, and hypersalivation in many patients.

7. From the statements below, select the statement which best describes the advantage(s) of antianxiety agents over drugs which were previously used to calm or sedate patients.

a. Antianxiety agents do not cause excessive loss of alertness.

b. Antianxiety agents can be safely taken while driving or operating machinery.

c. Overdosage of antianxiety agents rarely results in death to the patient.

8. Select the use of hydroxyzine hydrochloride (Atarax®).

a. Antidiarrheal agent.

b. Antianxiety agent.

c. Antipsychotic agent.

d. Antipyretic agent.

9. Select the statement that best describes an adverse reaction associated with haloperidol (Haldol®).

a. This drug may cause extrapyramidal reactions.

b. This drug may produce hypotension.

c. This drug may produce overstimulation.

d. This drug may produce withdrawal.

10. Select the statement which best describes the use(s) associated with chlorpromazine (Thorazine®):

a. The drug is used to treat acute and chronic types of psychosis.

b. The drug is used as an antiemetic to prevent pre- or postoperative nausea and vomiting.

c. The drug is used as an antianxiety agent.

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