(1) Uses. Chlordiazepoxide hydrochloride is widely used as an antianxiety agent to help people deal with stress. Further, it is used preoperatively to reduce patient apprehension. As an antianxiety agent, it has less anticonvulsant activity, and it produces less drowsiness than diazepam, another antianxiety drug.
(2) Adverse effects. Chlordiazepoxide is likely to produce such adverse effects as drowsiness and lethargy. These adverse effects are more likely to occur in older patients.
(3) Cautions and warnings. Patients taking chlordiazepoxide should be cautioned not to take a central nervous system depressant like alcohol since the additive effect might produce depression of the central nervous system. Furthermore, patients taking chlordiazepoxide should be cautioned against operating machinery (for example, driving an automobile).
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