The thyroid gland

The thyroid gland weighs about 25 g and is made up of two lobes joined by a bridge, situated on either side of the trachea (windpipe) in the throat (Fig. 5.7). It has a rich blood supply. It is responsible for secretion both of the thyroid hormones themselves, and the protein, thyroglobulin, which carries them in the circulation. The thyroid hormones are iodinated amino-acid derivatives;

Larynx

Thyroid gland

Larynx

Thyroid gland

Fig. 5.7 The anatomy of the thyroid gland.

L-Tyrosine

Thyroxine (T4)

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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