References

aLLison d b, fontaine k r, heshka s, mentore j l and heYMsneLd s b (2001), 'Alternative treatments for weight loss: a critical review', Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr, 41 (1), 1-28.

ariyasu h, takaya k, tagami t, ogawa y, hosoda k, akamizu t, suda m, koh t, natsui k, toyooka s, shirakami g, usui t, shimatsu a, doi k, hosoda h, kojima m, kangawa k and nakao k (2001), 'Stomach is a major source of circulating ghrelin, and feeding state determines plasma ghrelin-like immunoreactivity levels in humans', J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 86 (10), 4753-4758.

astrup a, buemann b, flint a and raben a (2002), 'Low-fat diets and energy balance: how does the evidence stand in 2002?', Proc Nutr Soc, 61 (2), 299309.

batterham r L, cowLey m a, smaLL c j, herzog h, cohen m a, dakin c L, wren a m, brYNes a e, low m j, ghatei m a, cone r d and bLoom s r (2002), 'Gut hormone PYY (3-36) physiologically inhibits food intake', Nature, 418 (6898), 650654.

berns g s (1999), 'Functional neuroimaging', Life Sci, 65 (24), 2531-2540.

BLÜM W A M, STAFLEU A, DE GRAAF C, KOK F J, SCHAAFSMA G and HENDRIKS H F J (2005), 'Ghrelin response to carbohydrate-enriched breakfast is related to insulin', Am J Clin Nutr, 81 (2), 367-375.

BLÜM W A M, LLUCH A, STAFLEU A, VINOY S, HOLST J J, SCHAAFSMA G J and HENDRIKS H

f J (2006), 'Effect of a high protein breakfast on the postprandial ghrelin response', Am J Clin Nutr, 83 (2), 211-220.

Boden g, CHEN x, MüzzoLi M and Ryan I (1996), 'Effect of fasting on serum leptin in normal human subjects', J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 81 (9), 3419-3423.

campfield l a and smith F j (1990), 'Transient declines in blood glucose signal meal initiation', Int J Obesity, 14 (Suppl 3), 15-31.

campfield l, smith f, Rosenbaum m and hirsch j (1996), 'Human eating: evidence for a physiological basis using a modified paradigm', Neurosci Biobehav Rev, 20 (1), 133-137.

CECIL j, Francis j and read N (1998), 'Relative contributions of intestinal, gastric, oro-sensory influences and information to changes in appetite induced by the same liquid meal', Appetite, 31 (3), 377-390.

chapman I m (1998), 'Effect of intravenous glucose and euglycemic insulin infusions on short-term appetite and food intake', Am J Physiol, 274 (43), R596-R603.

chin-chance c, polonsky k s and schoeller D a (2000), 'Twenty-four-hour leptin levels respond to cumulative short-term energy imbalance and predict subsequent intake', J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 85 (8), 2685-2691.

CUMMINGS D E, WEIGLE D S, FRAYO R S, BREEN P A, MA M K, DELLINGER E P and PURNELL

j q (2002), 'Plasma ghrelin levels after diet-induced weight loss or gastric bypass surgery', N Engl J Med, 346 (21), 1623-1630.

de castro J m and OROZCO s (1990), 'Moderate alcohol intake and spontaneous eating patterns of humans: evidence of unregulated supplementation', Am J Clin Nutr, 52 (2), 246-253.

de graaf c, HULSHOF T, WESTSTRATE j a and HAUTVAST j G (1996), 'Nonabsorbable fat (sucrose polyester) and the regulation of energy intake and body weight', Am J Physiol, 270 (6 Pt 2), R1386-R1393.

DE GRAAF C, DRIJVERS J J, ZIMMERMANNS N J, VAN HET H K, WESTSTRATE J A, VAN DEN B H, VELTHUIS-TE WIERIK E J, WESTERTERP K R, VERBOEKET-VAN DE VENNE W P and WESTERTERP-PLANTENGA M s (1997), 'Energy and fat compensation during long-term consumption of reduced fat products', Appetite, 29 (3), 305-323.

DELARGY H J, O'SULLIVAN K R, FLETCHER R J and BLUNDELL J E (1997), 'Effects of amount and type of dietary fiber (soluble and insoluble) on short-term control of appetite', Int J Food Sci Nutr, 48 (1), 67-77.

DIPLOCK A T, AGGETT P J, ASHWELL M, BORNET F, FERN E B and ROBERTFROID M B (1999), 'Scientific concepts of functional foods in Europe: Consensus Document', Br J Nutr, 81, S1-S27.

egger g, Cameron-smith D and stanton R (1999), 'The effectiveness of popular, non-prescription weight loss supplements, Med J Aus, 171 (11-12), 599600.

GAUTIER J F, CHEN K, SALBE A D, BANDY D, PRATLEY R E, HEIMAN M, RAVUSSIN E, REIMAN

e m and TATARANNi P a (2000), 'Differential brain responses to satiation in obese and lean men', Diabetes, 49 (5), 838-846.

geliebter a, westreich s and gage D (1988), 'Gastric distention by balloon and test-meal intake in obese and lean subjects', Am J Clin Nutr, 48 (3), 592594.

GIELKENS H A, VERKIJK M, LAM W F, LAMERS C B and MASCLEE A A (1998), 'Effects of hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia on satiety in humans', Metabolism, 47 (3), 321-324.

halford J and blundell j (2000), 'Pharmacology of appetite suppression', Prog Drug Res, 54, 25-58.

HAULRIK N, TOUBRO S, DYERBERG J, STENDER S, SKOV A R and ASTRUp A (2002), 'Effect of protein and methionine intakes on plasma homocysteine concentrations: a 6-mo randomized controlled trial in overweight subjects', Am J Clin Nutr, 76 (6), 1202-1206.

holt s h, miller j c, petocz p and farmakalidis e (1995), 'A satiety index of common foods', Eur J Clin Nutr, 49 (9), 675-690. hulshof t, de graaf c and weststrate j a (1993), 'The effects of preloads varying in physical state and fat content on satiety and energy intake', Appetite, 21 (3), 273-286.

JENKINS D J, KENDALL C W, AUGUSTIN L S, FRANCESCHI S, HAMIDI M, MARCHIE A, JENKINS

A l and axelsen m (2002), 'Glycemic index: overview of implications in health and disease', Am J Clin Nutr, 76 (1), 266S-273S.

JOANNIC J L, OppERT J M, LAHLOU N, BASDEVANT A, AUBOIRON S, RAISON J, BORNET F and guy-grand b (1998), 'Plasma leptin and hunger ratings in healthy humans', Appetite, 30 (2), 129-138.

KARHUNEN L, HAFFNER S, LAppALAINEN R, TURpEINEN A, MIETTINEN H and UUSITUpA M

(1997), 'Serum leptin and short-term regulation of eating in obese women', Clin Sci (Lond), 92 (6), 573-578. keim n, stern j and havel p (1998), 'Relation between circulating leptin concentrations and appetite during a prolonged, moderate energy deficit in women', Am J Clin Nutr, 68 (4), 794-801. kissileff h r, gruss l p, thornton j and Jordan h a (1984), 'The satiating efficiency of foods', Physiol Behav, 32 (2), 319-332. kolaczynski j w, ohannesian j p, considine r v, marco c c and CARO J F (1996), 'Response of leptin to short-term and prolonged overfeeding in humans', J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 81 (11), 4162-4165.

KOVACS E M, WESTERTERp-pLANTENGA M S, SARIS W H, MELANSON K J, GOOSSENS I, geurten p and brouns f (2002), 'Associations between spontaneous meal initiations and blood glucose dynamics in overweight men in negative energy balance', Br J Nutr, 87 (1), 39-45. lavin J h, wittert g, sun w m, horowitz m, morley j e and read n w (1996), 'Appetite regulation by carbohydrate: role of blood glucose and gastrointestinal hormones', Am J Physiol, 271 (2 Pt 1), E209-E214. lissner l, levitsky d a, strupp b j, kalkwarf h j and roe d a (1987), 'Dietary fat and the regulation of energy intake in human subjects', Am J Clin Nutr, 46 (6), 886-892.

liu y, gao j, liu h and fox p (2000), 'The temporal response of the brain after eating revealed by functional MRI', Nature, 405 (6790), 1058-1062. maas m I, hopman w p, katan m b and jansen j b (1998), 'Release of peptide YY and inhibition of gastric acid secretion by long-chain and medium-chain triglycerides but not by sucrose polyester in men', Eur J Clin Invest, 28 (2), 123-130.

MACINTOSH C G, ANDREWS J M, JONES K L, WISHART J M, MORRIS H A, JANSEN J B, MORLEY

J e, horowitz m and chapman i m (1999), 'Effects of age on concentrations of plasma cholecystokinin, glucagon-like peptide 1, and peptide YY and their relation to appetite and pyloric motility', Am J Clin Nutr, 69 (5), 9991006.

MACINTOSH C G, HOROWITZ M, VERHAGEN M A, SMOUT A J, WISHART J, MORRIS H, GOBLE

e, morley J e and chapman i m (2001), 'Effect of small intestinal nutrient infusion on appetite, gastrointestinal hormone release, and gastric myoelectrical activity in young and older men', Am J Gastroenterol, 96 (4), 997-1007.

marlett J a, mcburney m I and slavin J l (2002), 'Position of the American Dietetic Association: health implications of dietary fiber', J Am Diet Assoc, 102 (7), 993-1000.

MATSUDA M, LIU Y, MAHANKALI S, PU Y, MAHANKALI a, WANG J, DEFRONZO R A, FOX P T

and gao J h (1999), 'Altered hypothalamic function in response to glucose ingestion in obese humans', Diabetes, 48 (9), 1801-1806. mattes r d (1997), 'Physiologic responses to sensory stimulation by food: nutritional implications', J Am Diet Assoc, 97 (4), 406-413. POPPITT s d and prentice a m (1996), 'Energy density and its role in the control of food intake: evidence from metabolic and community studies', Appetite, 26 (2), 153-174.

raben a, vasilaras t h, moller a c and astrup a (2002), 'Sucrose compared with artificial sweeteners: different effects on ad libitum food intake and body weight after 10 wk of supplementation in overweight subjects', Am J Clin Nutr, 76 (4), 721-729. raben a, agerholm-larsen l, flint a, holst j j and astrup a (2003), 'Meals with similar energy densities but rich in protein, fat, carbohydrate, or alcohol have different effects on energy expenditure and substrate metabolism but not on appetite and energy intake', Am J Clin Nutr, 77 (1), 91-100. rizkalla s w, bellisle f and slama g (2002), 'Health benefits of low glycaemic index foods, such as pulses, in diabetic patients and healthy individuals', Br J Nutr, 88 (Suppl 3), S255-S262.

ROLLS B, CASTELLANOS V, HALFORD J, KILARA A, PANYAM D, PELKMAN C, SMITH G and thorwart m (1998), 'Volume of food consumed affects satiety in men', Am J Clin Nutr, 67 (6), 1170-1177. rolls b j and hammer v a (1995), 'Fat, carbohydrate, and the regulation of energy intake', Am J Clin Nutr, 62 (5S), 1086-1095.

ROLLS B J, KIM-HARRIS S, FISCHMAN M W, FOLTIN R W, MORAN T H and STONER S A (1994), 'Satiety after preloads with different amounts of fat and carbohydrate: implications for obesity', Am J Clin Nutr, 60 (4), 476-487.

ROMON M, LEBEL P, VELLY C, MARECAUX N, FRUCHART J C and DALLONGEVILLE J (1999), 'Leptin response to carbohydrate or fat meal and association with subsequent satiety and energy intake', Am J Physiol, 277 (5 Pt 1), E855-E861.

SHIIYA T, NAKAZATO M, MIZUTA M, DATE Y, MONDAL M S, TANAKA M, NOZOE S, HOSODA

h, kangawa k and matsukura s (2002), 'Plasma ghrelin levels in lean and obese humans and the effect of glucose on ghrelin secretion', J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 87 (1), 240-244.

SINHA M, OHANNESIAN J, HEIMAN M, KRIAUCIUNAS A, STEPHENS T, MAGOSIN S, MARCO

c and caro j (1996), 'Nocturnal rise of leptin in lean, obese, and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus subjects', J Clin Invest, 97 (5), 1344-1347.

SMEETS P A M, VAN OSCH M J P, DE GRAAF C, STAFLEU A and VAN DER GROND J (2005a), 'Functional MRI of human hypothalamic responses following glucose ingestion', Neurolmage, 24 (2), 363-368.

SMEETS P A M, DE GRAAF C, STAFLEU A, VAN OSCH M J P and VAN DER GROND J (2005b), Functional magnetic resonance imaging of human hypothalamic responses to sweet taste and calories', Am J Clin Nutr, 82 (5), 1011-1016. stubbs j, ferres s and horgan g (2000), 'Energy density of foods: effects on energy intake', Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr, 40 (6), 481-515. tordoff m g and alleva a m (1990), 'Effect of drinking soda sweetened with aspar-tame or high-fructose corn syrup on food intake and body weight', Am J Clin Nutr, 51 (6), 963-969. van erk m J, blom w a m, van ommen b and hendriks h f j (2006), High protein and high carbohydrate breakfasts differentially change the transcriptome of human blood cells', Am J Clin Nutr, 84, 1233-1241.

WERF M J, scHUREN F h j, BiJLSMA s, tas a c and OMMEN b v (2001), 'Nutrigenomics: application of genomics technologies in nutritional sciences and food technology', J Food Sci, 66 (6), 772-780.

WREN A M, SEAL L J, COHEN M A, BRYNES A E, FROST G S, MURPHY K G, DHILLO W S, GHATEI

M A and bloom s r (2001), 'Ghrelin enhances appetite and increases food intake in humans', J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 86 (12), 5992. ZEMEL m b (2005), 'The role of dietary calcium in weight management', J Am Coll Nutr, 24 (6), 537S-546S.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Psychology Of Weight Loss And Management

Psychology Of Weight Loss And Management

Get All The Support And Guidance You Need To Be A Success At The Psychology Of Weight Loss And Management. This Book Is One Of The Most Valuable Resources In The World When It Comes To Exploring How Your Brain Plays A Role In Weight Loss And Management.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment